Transcultural Nursing Models and Theories

Click on the theory or model to view

Madeleine Leininger, PhD, LHD, DS, RN, CTN, FRCNA, FAAN

Sunrise Model

Campinha-Bacote Model of Cultural Competence


Transcultural Concepts in Nursing Care

Margaret M. Andrews, PhD, RN, CTN, FAAN

Joyceen S. Boyle, PhD, RN, CTN, FAAN


  Larry Purnell, PhD, RN, FAAN

Purnell, L., & Paulanka, B. (2008). Transcultural health care: A culturally competent approach, 3 ed. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis.


Purnell, L. (2008). A unique perspective on health care in Panama. In C. Holtz, Global health, (pp. 551-582). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.


Purnell, L. (2008). International networking: Expanding one’s worldview. In S. Weinstein & A .M. Brooks, Nursing without boarders: Values, wisdom, and success makers, pp.166-170. Indianapolis, IN: Sigma Theta Tau press.


Purnell, L. (2007). Men in nursing: An international perspective. In Men in nursing In C. O’Lynn and R. Tranbarger (Eds.), Men in nursing (pp, 219-235). New York: Springer Publishing. 


Purnell CV

The Giger and Davidhizar  Transcultural Assessment Model

Joyce Newman Giger and Ruth Elaine Davidhizar

(Adapted in Table 2-2 on the SAMSHA's National Mental Health and Information

Center Website, "Developing Cultural Competence in Diaster Mental Health

Programs:Guiding Priniciples and Recommendations."

A complete description of the model can be found in

Transcultural Nursing: Assessment and Intervention.

(Giger and Davidhizar,1999). 


Jeffreys, Marianne.  "Teaching Cultural Competence in Nursing and Health Care: Inquiry, Action, and Innovation (2006), New York: Springer. It includes the research-supported "Cultural Competence and Confidence" model, describing the teaching-learning process of cultural competence.  



Jeffreys, Marianne."Nursing Student Retention: Understanding the Process and Making a Difference" (2004), New York: Springer. It includes the research supported NURS model (Nursing Undergraduate Retention and Success), that is designed for use with academically and culturally diverse nursing students.


Publishers website is